Diet

What is BMI and what do the numbers in the BMI table mean?

اعلان

What is BMI body mass index

It is a measure that uses your height and weight to find out if you have a healthy weight or not for your height and weight. However, this scale is not 100% accurate due to the difference in the percentage of fat and muscle in the body for each person, that is, there may be two people with the same height and weight and their mass is 25, one of them is an athlete with large muscles and the other is not an athlete. You will notice that the athletic person has a smaller stature and better health than the non-athletic person One athlete is considered a healthy weight while the other is considered overweight.

How to measure body mass

We can measure body mass by using this formula [your weight in kilograms divided by your height in meters squared] as 60 / (1.65) 2

And if your age is between two to 18 years, age and gender are taken into account as well

You can measure your body mass through the previous link

What is the BMI range?

If your cluster index is:

Less than 18.5underweight
between 18.5 and 24.9healthy weight
Between 25 and 29.9Weight gain
Between 30 and 39.9ghee

 

Underweight

Being underweight, like being overweight, may cause many health problems due to lack of nutrients. The risks of being underweight are:

  • more susceptible to osteoporosis
  • Weak hair and teeth
  • Weakened immunity
  • Feeling tired all the time
  • Anemia
  • Irregular menstrual cycle in women
  • slow growth

Causes of underweight

The causes of weight loss differ from one person to another, but most often a person has a lack of weight because of:

Ways to gain weight in a healthy way

  • Adding snacks between main meals
  • Put more food on your plate than usual
  • Add healthy fats to your meals
  • Eat more calories than you burn
  • Drink natural juices
  • Use full-fat dairy products
  • Do resistance exercises
  • Eat a protein shake for weight gain

normal weight

A normal or healthy weight is when you have a body mass index between 18.5 to 24.9 and you have a moderate body fat percentage. Maintaining a healthy weight guarantees you these benefits:

  1. Reducing your chance of heart disease and cancer
  2. Reduce your chance of getting diabetes
  3. Reducing the chance of a stroke
  4. Increased energy level
  5. Improving the immune system
  6. Reduce the risk of infertility
  7. Reducing the risk of anemia
  8. Reducing the risk of osteoporosis
  9. Reducing pressure on joints and back

Overweight and obesity

Overweight and obesity are all bad for the body and put you at risk of many diseases and suffering from difficulty in breathing and movement and decreased self-confidence. Among the most prominent damages caused by obesity are:

  • Difficulty working the heart
  • High blood pressure
  • High triglycerides
  • Lowers beneficial cholesterol and raises harmful cholesterol
  • Greater chance of developing diabetes
  • Spinal pain
  • Sleep Apnea
  • Increased chance of getting cancer
  • lack of fertility

How to prevent weight gain

Changing some habits in your day and eating can make you avoid weight gain and help you lose weight

  • Eat an appropriate amount of protein during the day
  • Drink plenty of water
  • Doing sports regularly and staying active most of the time
  • Eat fiber
  • Don’t drink your calories
  • Reduce your sugar intake
  • Cook your own food
  • Sleeping 7 to 9 hours a day
  • Use smaller dishes
  • Start your meal with a salad

The end

BMI is used to determine if your weight is in a healthy range or not, through a mathematical equation that provides you with a number that determines whether you are underweight, healthy weight, increase weight, Obesity* Through this classification, you determine your goal, either to maintain your weight and body shape, gain weight, or lose weight by changing your habits and lifestyle

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