Nutritional Ingredients

Salt and what you should know sodium chloride


Salt One of the healthy minerals that exists naturally around us and consists mainly of sodium chloride (NaCl), It is a chemical compound belonging to a larger class of salts.

Salt is necessary for humans in general, Salinity is one of humanity’s basic tastes.

Salt is also one of the oldest and most widespread food spices, Salting is an important way to preserve food.

Definition of salt

Salt in its natural form as a crystalline mineral is known as rock salt or halite. It is found in large quantities in seawater.

According to some
The open ocean contains about 35 grams of salt, per liter of seawater, It is a salinity of 3.5%.

Salt can be scientifically defined as a crystalline compound. It is chemically formulated from sodium chloride and is commonly used as a food seasoning, and as a preservative.

Salt is chemically composed By replacing one or more hydrogen atoms with elements or groups, Composed of anions and cations, which usually ionize in solution.

History of the salt industry

The first salt processing dates back to about 6000 BC. When the people living in the current Romanian region Boil spring water to extract salts

, and salt was appreciated by the ancient Hebrews, Greeks, Romans, Byzantines, Hittites, Egyptians and Indians.

How they make salt, Salt Lake

Types of salt chemically

  1. Natural salt: In it, the hydrogen ions of the acid are completely replaced by metal ions, Examples include NaCl, CuSO4, KNO3, and CaCO3. Natural salts are naturally available in the seas, And maybe
    Extracted by boiling
  2. Acid salt: It is a salt with an atom or atoms of hydrogen that can be replaced by metal ions. Examples include: NaHSO4, NaHCO3 and NaHS
  3. Base salt: It is a salt containing hydroxides with mineral ions and negative ions of acid. An example is zinc essential chloride, and essential magnesium chloride.
  4. Compound salt: This type of salt contains complex ions, Any ions consist of a charged group of atoms. An example is sodium tetrahydroxyosinate (II).

Uses of salt

Other than using common salt, such as table salt, to add a distinctive taste and flavor to meals, there are other ways to use salts:

  1. Salt can be used as a fertilizer.
  2. Salt can be used as a fungicide.
  3. Salt is added to baking soda, which causes the dough to rise.
  4. In photography, Where silver bromide salt is depicted, In black and white photography.


The benefits of salt

  1. Salt helps in digestion Where salt contains hydrochloric acid (HCl), Which greatly helps to digest food, Lack of salt leads to indigestion.
  2. Promotes heart health while being the body’s strongest organ, Contains cells to regulate the heartbeat, There are things like salt that control that function. Sodium ions help transmit electrical impulses that come out of the heart.
  3. Facilitate the movement of electrical impulses throughout the body, It leads to greater control of nerves and muscles to allow contraction and movement.
  4. It provides iodine to the body, which plays important roles in metabolism and healthy cellular function, and is also important for expectant mothers in order to ensure the development of the brain health of the unborn child.
  5. It helps reduce the risk of diabetes, as sodium plays an important role in maintaining insulin sensitivity to blood glucose. In addition to magnesium, Sodium also helps ensure that insulin works as intended. And removes glucose in time.
  6. Promoting oral health, as gargling with salt water, is one of the simplest remedies to maintain oral health, the ability to remove excessive bacteria from the mouth and reduce their impact on health. Saline gargling can be used to treat sore throats and ulcers, as well as reduce the likelihood of gingivitis or to treat toothache.
  7. Improve respiratory health , as salt has antibacterial, anti-inflammatory and phlegm removal properties, Which helps to significantly promote respiratory health. Although many people don’t know this, However, inhaling microscopic salt with extreme purity in the nostril can treat lung problems.
  8. Maintains normal blood pressure but excess of it negatively affects by raising blood pressure.
  9. Equalizing the pH of the blood, which is also important for brain health, Simple alterations in pH can be fatal.


Salt damage!

Health organizations warn us of the dangers of eating salt in large quantities, because excessive salt intake has caused a number of health problems. including high blood pressure and heart disease, However, Failed
Decades of research
in providing compelling evidence to support this trend.

What happens to the body if it eats too much sodium?

The effect of salt on the kidneys

In most people,
the kidneys suffer
From a problem in pursuing excess sodium in the bloodstream. with sodium accumulation, The body clings to water to dilute sodium. This increases both the amount of fluid surrounding cells and the volume of blood in the bloodstream.

The effect of salt on heart health

The World Health Organization says you should not consume more than 2300 mg of sodium per day. Preferably less than this, up to about a teaspoon, or 6 grams of salt, By claiming Eating too much salt increases blood pressure, which increases the risk of heart disease and stroke.

One study found

From 2013 that for people with normal blood pressure, Reducing salt intake reduces systolic blood pressure by just 2.42 mmHg and diastolic blood pressure by just 1.00 mmHg. These are not significant figures in high or low blood pressure.

But the most common risk of excessive salt

intake is stomach cancer, the fifth most common cancer, with several observational studies linking diets to high salt intake with an increased risk of stomach cancer.

Who is most likely to develop health problems due to salt consumption!!

  • Persons over 50
  • People suffering from high blood pressure.
  • People with diabetes
  • People of African


Should you eat less salt?

Certain health conditions make it necessary to lower the salt. If your doctor wants you to limit your intake, You can do this, However, If you eat mostly healthy foods, You probably don’t have to worry about salt intake.

Eating too much salt can be harmful. But eating too little can be just as bad for your health?

But in contrast to the
low salt intake
can be harmful, Where its restriction leads to high LDL cholesterol and triglycerides, and the presence of heart muscle failure, and type II diabetes.

How much salt should a person eat?

Everyone needs salt to balance fluids, muscles and nerves, But too much salt is bad for us, So how much do we need?

The human body regulates the amount of sodium in it. If the levels are too high, We feel thirsty, And accelerate the kidneys to get rid of it, Too much sodium has been linked to kidney stones, hypertension and cardiovascular disease.

And too little sodium can lead to hyponatremia, symptoms of dizziness, confusion and muscle spasms.

The bottom line

The average person should not eat more than 2,300 milligrams (mg) of sodium, which means 6 grams or less of salt.

This rate can be obtained by addressing the following:

It is difficult to measure how much salt we consume, because it is hidden in many foods, but it is important to check the nutritional information about processed foods, to see which ones have a high and low salt content. Or sodium.

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) also recommends that people carefully consider claims for low salt on the package. If the serving contains 1,400 mg (1.4 g) or less sodium per serving, The salt and sodium content is classified as “low”.

And to make it easier for you, dear and dear, we have provided you with menus containing low-sodium foods and low-sodium sweets

Food is considered salt- or sodium-free, if it contains up to 5 milligrams (0.005 g) of sodium per serving.

Finally, doctors recommend avoiding foods

with a high salt content, and if possible, choose those with the “no salt added” label, as you can get plenty of salt from fresh meat, vegetables and dairy products.

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