Chili peppers are the fruits of the Capsicum plant. Which is characterized by its hot flavor.
Pepper is a member of the nightshade family. Which includes peppers and tomatoes , and there are many types of hot peppers, such as cayenne and jalapeno.
Uses of chili in the kitchen
Chili peppers are primarily used as a spice and can be cooked or dried and crushed.
Capsaicin is the bioactive plant compound in hot peppers. It is responsible for its unique and wonderful taste and many health benefits.
Nutrition facts for hot peppers
One tablespoon (15 grams) of raw, fresh red paprika includes:
- Calories: 6 calories
- water: 88%
- Protein: 0.3 grams
- Carbohydrates: 1.3 grams
- Drunkenness: 0.8 grams
- Fiber: 0.2g
- Fats: 0.1g
Chili is also rich in various vitamins and minerals.
However, Since they are eaten in small quantities, its contribution to your daily intake is minimal.
This spicy fruit contains a number of vitamins. Of which:
- Vitamin C. Chili peppers are very rich in powerful antioxidants. They are important for wound healing and immune function.
- Vitamin B6 , from the B family of vitamins, B6 plays a role in energy metabolism.
- Vitamin K1 which is known as phylloquinone, It is necessary for blood clotting, healthy bones and kidneys.
- Potassium , which, when consumed in sufficient quantities, reduces the risk of heart disease. It is an essential dietary mineral that serves a variety of functions.
- Copper is an essential element, Important for strong bones and healthy nerve cells.
- Vitamin A. Red chili peppers are rich in beta-carotene, which your body converts into vitamin A.
Other plant compounds
Hot peppers are a rich source of the hot substance capsaicin.
They are also very high in antioxidant carotenoids , which are associated with many health benefits.
species hot peppers
Poblanos are mild peppers that originate from the state of Puebla, Mexico. when dried, They are referred to as ancho peppers.
Although this type of pepper lacks heat, especially when it is green and less ripe, Some poblanos (especially the ripe red ones) are known to be surprisingly hot.
Serrano or black pepper
Black pepper is said to be about five times hotter than jalapeños.
Some varieties of this pepper have a sweeter flesh while others taste fresh and crunchy without the intense heat.
Pepper plants of this type tend to grow in higher elevation regions of Mexico , such as Hidalgo and Pueblo.
cayenne pepper or pepper flavor
They are peppers that are ground into a fine red powder and found in spice racks and fried eggs – way more flavorful than paprika.
Chili peppers – when fresh and in whole form – are usually thin and elongated with a mild heat.
However, You’ll often find the cayenne kind as a dry powder.
Health benefits of hot peppers
Despite its spicy taste, Pepper has long been considered a healthy spice. It achieves the following health benefits:
contains capsaicin, The bioactive plant compound in hot peppers, have some unique properties.
associated with pain receptors, They are the nerve endings that feel pain. This causes a burning sensation but does not cause any real injury.
Chili and weight loss
Obesity is a serious health condition that increases the risk of many chronic diseases. such as heart disease and diabetes.
Some evidence suggests that capsaicin can promote weight loss by reducing appetite and increasing fat burning.
As a matter of fact Studies show that 10 grams of red hot pepper can significantly increase fat burning in both men and women.
Side effects of excessive consumption of chili
Cayenne pepper may have harmful effects in some individuals. Among the effects are the following:
Hot peppers are known for their scorching hot flavour. And the substance responsible for that is capsaicin, Which binds to pain receptors and causes an intense burning sensation.
For this reason, The compound chili pepper extracted from chili peppers is the main ingredient in pepper powder.
And in large quantities , it causes severe pain, inflammation, swelling and redness.
and over time, Regular exposure to capsaicin may cause some pain neurons to become desensitized to further pain.
Stomach pain and diarrhea
Eating hot peppers can cause gastrointestinal distress in some people.
Symptoms may include abdominal pain, a burning sensation in your gut, cramps, and painful diarrhoea.
This is more common in people with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS).
Cayenne pepper can temporarily exacerbate symptoms in those who are not used to eating it regularly.
Studies show that capsaicin, It is a plant compound in hot peppers. It may increase or decrease the risk of cancer.
Observational studies in humans link chili pepper consumption to an increased risk of cancer. Especially in the gallbladder and stomach.
before the capsaicin can reach your digestive system, shall go beyond your mouth, It can cause a variety of problems there.
It is caustic to mucous membranes and can burn your taste buds. to reduce burning in the mouth, The University of Michigan Health System recommends eating a banana.
to avoid burning the mucous membranes, Wash your hands with vinegar after touching hot peppers.
In large enough quantities, hot peppers can trigger an attack in asthmatics by causing the airways to spasm.
This can be dangerous if you do not have an inhaler or medication nearby. You should stay away from hot peppers if you are prone to bronchial problems.
But if you are surprised and inadvertently eat something with chili pepper in it, Sometimes antihistamines may help.